11 May Pakistan Elections 2013: Reflections
The South Asian Idea is opening up this space for your comments, thoughts, and reflections on the elections. Please use the Comments space below to voice your opinions and join the conversation on the future of Pakistan and of the region.
The factual information appended below on the 2013 elections in Pakistan is courtesy of the British Pakistan Foundation who have further acknowledged their sources.
On Saturday, May 11th Pakistan will be voting its new parliament at its general elections 2013. For this reason we have compiled some relevant information to understand how the General Elections will influence the country’s political landscape. Please find below an infographic of AlJazeera on the Pakistan Elections 2013 (click on the link below the picture to view a larger image) as well as some information on the major political parties.
Main political parties at the 2013 General Elections
Pakistan People’s Party (PPP)
The Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) is a mainstream political party in Pakistan. It was led by “life chairperson” Benazir Bhutto. The Pakistan Peoples Party Parliamentarians (PPPP) is a party formed in 2002 by the PPP. At the last legislative elections, 20 October 2002, the party won 25.8 % of the popular vote and 71 out of 272 elected members, thus gaining the second-largest number of seats in the Parliament of Pakistan. The party was founded in 1967, on November 30th and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto became its first chairman. The party creed is: “Islam is our faith; democracy is our politics; socialism is our economy; all power to the people.”
Pakistan Muslim League (PML-N)
The Pakistan Muslim League (N) is a center-right, fiscal conservative political party in Pakistan, being the largest conservative political force and second largest political party, roughly representing 19.6% of votes in the Parliament (both in Senate and National Assembly), in the latest national parliamentary elections. The Pakistan Muslim League (N) is currently headed by former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif.
Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf (PTI)
The Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (Pakistan Movement for Justice) is a political party in Pakistan. At the last legislative elections, 20 October 2002, the party won 0.8% of the popular vote and 1 out of 272 elected members. PTI has also a seat in provincial assembly of N.W.F.P. PTI is headed by Cricket legend Imran Khan. “Justice,Humanity and Self Esteem” is the slogan of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf.Imran Khan, the chairman of the party.
Pakistan Muslim League – Quaid-e-Azam (PML-Q)
The Pakistan Muslim League (Quaid-e-Azam), or PML-Q is a centrist political party in Pakistan, derived from the original Pakistan Muslim League which had laid foundation of the state of Pakistan. It is widely considered as a centrist to conservative party.
Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM)
Muttahida Qaumi Movement generally known as MQM, is a political party in Pakistan founded and currently led by Altaf Hussain. It originated as an ethnic student organization in 1978 from University of Karachi. The students movement later turned into an influential political party of Sindh. Later on July 26, 1997, MQM officially changed its name from Muhajir Qaumi Movement to Muttahida Quami Movement.
Awami National Party (ANP)
The Awami National Party (ANP, Awami meaning People) is a nationalist political party (leftist) in Pakistan. The Party is mostly famous among the Pashtuns of Pakistan in NWFP, Balochistan, Federally Administered Tribal Areas, Western Punjab, Northern Areas. The Party’s current president is Senator Asfandyar Wali Khan.
The founding session of Jamaat-e-Islami was scheduled on 26th August 1941 at Lahore.The participants from every nook and corner of India gathered at the residence ofMistree Abdullah at Islamia Park, Poonch Road, Lahore. The first session began at 8’pm in Mubarik Mosque, wherein, the following 75 persons participated.
The Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (Assembly of Islamic Clergy, or JUI) is a political party in Pakistan. It formed a combined government in national elections in 2002 and 2008. The party has split into two separate parties: one is led by MaulanaFazal-ur-Rehman and is known as “Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (Fazlur Rehman)”, or “JUI-F”, while the other is led by MaulanaSami ul Haq and is known as “Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (Sami ul Haq)” or “JUI-S”.
Balochistan National Party (BNP)
The Balochistan National Party or Balochistan National Party (Mengal) is a political party in Balochistan, Pakistan. BNP believes in more provincial rights and greater autonomy for Baluchistan province through peaceful and democratic struggle. In 1972, the National Awami Party or NAP formed the first elected government in Balochistan after winning the elections.